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世界各地教师节

2021-09-13 14:18
阅读与作文(英语初中版) 2021年9期
关键词:教科文组织教师节纪念

Teachers Day is, interestingly, not observed on the same day all over the world. It is perhaps one of those few days which has a separate international day whose importance is superseded by the nationally observed day. Taking a look at Teachers Day as it is celebrated across the world, in some countries it is marked by a holiday; in others it is a working day.

International Teachers Day observed by UNESCO is October 5. Being held ever since 1994, it commemorates teachers organisations worldwide. Its aim is to mobilise support for teachers and to ensure that the needs of future generations will continue to be met by teachers.

有意思的是,在世界范围内,教师节并不是同一天。跟其他的国际节日一样,它是广受国际重视的日子,只不过是在不同的日子里来纪念罢了。从世界范围内人们庆祝教师节的情况来看,一些国家把教师节作为一个节日,而在另一些国家它只是一个普通的工作日。

世界教科文组织决定每年10月5日为国际教师节。自1994年以来,10月5日都用于纪念世界范围内的教师组织,目的是为教师们争取支撑,并确保未来孩子的需要能得到满足。

India—Teachers Day is celebrated on September 5 in honour of Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the second president of India, whose birthday falls that day.

印度——教師节是每年的9月5日,以纪念印度的第二任总理拉达克里西那博士,他就在那天出生。

Russia—In Russia, Teachers Day was celebrated on the first Sunday of October between 1965 and 1994. Since 1994, the day is observed on the October 5, coinciding with World Teachers Day.

俄罗斯——俄罗斯的教师节在1965年到1994年间被定为10月的第一个周日。而1994年以来,俄罗斯的教师节就改为世界教科文组织规定的那天,即10月5日。

Turkey—In Turkey, Teachers Day is celebrated on November 24. Turkeys first president Kemal Ataturk dedicated November 24 to honour teachers and their profession. There is no holiday on this day.

土耳其——在土耳其,教师节是11月24日。土耳其第一任总统凯末尔·阿塔图尔克用11月24日来表彰教师和他们的职业。这一天是不放假的。

Malaysia—May 16 is dedicated to teachers in Malaysia. The day is celebrated as Teachers Day in the country with great enthusiasm. The day is called ‘Hari Guru in Malaysia and is a working day.

马来西亚——5月16日是马来西亚的教师节。教师节这一天,全国上下都以极大的热情来庆祝。这一天在马来西亚语中被称为“Hari Guru”,也是一个正常的工作日。

China—The earliest Teachers Day was on June 6, 1931, but it was not recognized by the government. In 1939, the day was set on August 27, Confucius birthday which wasnt carried out. The Teachers Day was celebrated with the Labors Day in 1951. In 1985, the teachers Day was abserved offically on September 10.

中国——我国最早的教师节出现在1931年,拟定每年6月6日为教师节,但并没有被当时的政府承认。1939年,又把教师节定为8月27日,孔子的生日,也并未在全国推行。1951年教师节与“五一”国际劳动节合并作为我国的教师节。1985年,确定教师节为每年的9月10日。

Thailand—In Thailand, National Teachers Day is celebrated every year on January 16. The day was adopted as Teachers Day in the island nation by a resolution of the government on November 21, 1956. The first Teachers Day was held in 1957. The day is declared as a holiday in schools.

泰国——泰国的国家教师节定于每年的1月16日,这是由一项在1956年11月21日通过的政府决议规定的。1957年,泰国人民庆祝了第一个教师节。在泰国,教师节作为学校的节日来庆祝。

The US—In the US, Teachers Day is a non-official holiday. It is observed on the Tuesday of the first full week of May. The day is celebrated with pomp and gaiety. A number of activities are organised in schools to honour teachers. The celebrations can continue for the entire week of May.

美国——在美国,教师节定于5月第一个完整工作周的周二,为非官方假期。节日在一片欢乐的盛况中度过。学校举行活动,对教师进行表彰。这一庆祝活动会持续一周。

Iran—In Iran, Teachers Day is celebrated on May 2. It commemorates the assassi-nation of Iranian professor Ayatollah Morteza Motahhari. The renowned writer, a teacher, was executed on May 2, 1980. On the day, students offer flowers to teachers to honour the sacred profession.

伊朗——在伊朗,教师节是5月2日。它是为了纪念被刺杀的伊朗教授阿亚图拉·莫尔塔扎。一位教师和著名作家在1980年5月2日被暗害。当天,学生向教师敬献鲜花,以赞美教师这个神圣的职业。

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